The Delta begins slightly down-river from Cairo.[3]. The Nile Delta The Delta is formed by the division of the branches of the River Nile as it flows south through the Valley formed by the Nile in Upper Egypt. People have lived in the Nile Delta region for thousands of years, and it has been intensively farmed for at least the last five thousand years. Nile, longest river in the world, c.4,160 mi (6,695 km) long from its remotest headstream, the Luvironza River in Burundi, central Africa, to its delta on the Mediterranean Sea, NE Egypt. Since the delta no longer receives an annual supply of nutrients and sediments from upstream due to the construction of the Aswan Dam, the soils of the floodplains have become poorer, and large amounts of fertilizers are now used. It originates near the equator and flows nearly 7000 km northward. These channels are called distributaries. [2] From north to south the delta is approximately 160 km (99 mi) in length. If the polar ice caps were to melt, much of the northern delta, including the ancient port city of Alexandria, could disappear under the Mediterranean. The Nile Delta has a Mediterranean climate, characterized by little rainfall. Climate. Worksheet. In the past, the delta had several distributaries, but these have been lost due to flood control, silting and changing relief. The word delta gets its name from the fact that the Greek letter delta looks like the triangular area at the mouth of the Nile. Deltas form when silt and sediments accumulate at the mouths of large rivers. All burials included skulls and skeletons in the bending position and were not very well-preserved. Measuring from the north to south, the Nile Delta’s total length is about 100 miles (161 km). It takes approximately three months for the waters near the town of Jinja, Uganda (the point where the Nile leaves Lake Victoria), to reach the Mediterranean Sea. Nile River, Arabic Baḥr Al-Nīl or Nahr Al-Nīl, the longest river in the world, called the father of African rivers. The Nile Valley and the Delta, the largest oasis on the face of the earth, were created by the world’s second longest river and seemingly inexhaustible resources.. The Rosetta Stone was found in the delta in 1799 in the port city of Rosetta (an anglicized version of the name Rashid). They are the White Nile, which begins in Burundi, and the Blue Nile, which begins in Ethiopia. After majoring in physics, Kevin Lee began writing professionally in 1989 when, as a software developer, he also created technical articles for the Johnson Space Center. Those human activities which provide income and source of life to many also generate constraints to Nile Delta region. The River Nile is the longest river in the world. Without the topographic channel that leads the Nile through the desert, Egypt will be a full desert; the Nile flows about 1,600 kilometers across Egypt and flows north from the Egyptian … In modern day, the outer edges of the delta are eroding, and some coastal lagoons have seen increasing salinity levels as their connection to the Mediterranean Sea increases. It's the longest river on Earth. The planet's longest river, the Nile, has a mouth that forms a famous triangle called the Nile Delta. A Sharqiya criminal court sentenced on Wednesday two policemen to eight years in prison for beating an auto-rickshaw driver to death in Egypt's Nile Delta. The Nile Delta is approximately 100 miles (161 km) long from north to south, and it spreads out along about 150 miles (241 km) of E… Fish found in the delta include the flathead grey mullet and soles. Only 100 … Other animals found in the delta include frogs, turtles, tortoises, mongooses, and the Nile monitor. The Suez Canal is east of the delta and enters the coastal Lake Manzala in the north-east of the delta. It is about 100 miles (160 km) long from Cairo to the Mediterranean, with a coastline stretching some 150 miles (240 km) from Alexandria to Port Said. People have lived in the Nile Delta region for thousands of years, and it has been intensively farmed for at least the last five thousand years. Ancient Egyptians used the papyrus plant in many ways, such as making cloth, boxes, and rope, but by far its most important use was in making paper. The Delta shoreline consists of sandy and silty shores of greatly varying lateral configurations, depending on where the old branches of the Nile had their outlets. The Delta has a hot desert climate (Köppen: BWh) as the rest of Egypt, but its northernmost part, as is the case with the rest of the northern coast of Egypt which is the wettest region in the country, has relatively moderate temperatures, with highs usually not surpassing 31 °C (88 °F) in the summer. The Nile Delta is situated in the middle of the Egyptian Mediterranean coastline of approximately 1,000 km. [6] Artifacts belonging to ancient sites have been found on the delta's coast. Part of the great desert belt, the Nile Delta region is warm, with Cairo experiencing average January temperatures of 12 degrees Celsius (53.6 Fahrenheit) and average July temperatures of 31 degrees Celsius (87.8 Fahrenheit). In July 2019 a small Greek temple, ancient granite columns, treasure-carrying ships, and bronze coins from the reign of Ptolemy II, dating back to the third and fourth centuries BC, were found at the sunken city of Heracleion, colloquially known as Egypt's Atlantis. A 30 cm (12 in) rise in sea level could affect about 6.6% of the total land cover area in the Nile Delta region. In it, travelers encountered history and a way of life that had remained the same for its inhabitants for many centuries, despite the continuous changes in its geology. Haq. Unfortunately, the dam restricts the spread of fertile sediments that occur annually through floods. Deltas become complex over time as sediments build up in different areas. Deltas. The Nile is one of the most famous rivers in the world. Millions of birds traveling between Africa and Europe pass through the delta region. Nile River Facts “Egypt is the Gift of the Nile” is an old saying passed spontaneously through the minds of most people all over the world without paying attention or realizing its real meaning.To achieve the meaning of this saying, you have to recognize what is the Nile River? The delta's limited mammal fauna includes the red fox and Egyptian mongoose. The Nile Delta (Arabic: دلتا النيل) is the delta formed in Northern Egypt (Lower Egypt) where the Nile River spreads out and drains into the Mediterranean Sea. It doesn't rain much in the region, but when it does, rainfall occurs in the winter. The burial site contained the remains of animals, amulets and scarabs carved from faience, round and oval pots with handles, flint knives, broken and burned pottery. Other birds making their homes in the delta include grey herons, Kentish plovers, shovelers, cormorants, egrets and ibises. River deltas are special because they contain the … The river branches spread out in a V-shaped fan and make their way towards the Mediterranean through Lower Egypt. It rises south of the Equator and flows northward through northeastern Africa to drain into the Mediterranean Sea. At 1 m (3 ft 3 in) sea level rise, an estimated 887 thousand people could be at risk of flooding and displacement and about 100 km2 (40 sq mi) of vegetation, 16 km2 (10 sq mi) wetland, 402 km2 (160 sq mi) cropland, and 47 km2 (20 sq mi) of urban area land could be destroyed,[23] flooding approximately 450 km2 (170 sq mi). The Nile delta, or Lower Egypt, covers an area of 9,650 square miles (25,000 sq km). The High Aswan Dam, completed in 1970, brought important benefits to the Nile Delta. Sewage, agricultural pesticides and industrial activities also cause water pollution in branches of the Nile and its lakes. It is now eroding. [22] This effect is exacerbated by the lack of sediments being deposited since the construction of the Aswan Dam. Here are 12 interesting facts about the River Nile. It is home to over 50 percent of Egypt’s population of 80 million. About 39 million people live in the Delta region. The Delta used to flood annually, but this ended with the construction of the Aswan Dam. These dimensions put the Delta into the lists of the world’s largest Delta’s. The Nile Delta Flooded Savanna ecoregion extends along the River Nile from the Aswan High Dam, 1,100 km downstream to the mouth of the Nile as it enters the Mediterranean Sea. Food shortages resulting from climate change could lead to seven million "climate refugees" by the end of the 21st century. The northern section of the river flows through an area which is almost entirely desert, providing fertility and a source of water. Print. Some scholars such as Aristotle have written that the delta was constructed for agricultural purposes due to the drying of the region of Egypt. The Nile Delta and its coastal zone are populated regions in Egypt and contain a variety of development activities. The Nile is the longest river in the world. Climate and Environment. Nevertheless, environmental damage to the delta is not currently one of Egypt's priorities. Today this urban Texas cowboy continues to crank out high-quality software as well as non-technical articles covering a multitude of diverse topics ranging from gaming to current affairs. The Delta begins approximately 20 km north of … The investigations were conducted by Egyptian and European divers led by the underwater archaeologist Franck Goddio. You'll also find one of the planet's most important bird migration routes in the Nile Delta. Nile Delta – After flowing through Cairo the River Nile enters a delta region, a triangular-shaped lowland where the river fans out into two main distributaries: the Rosetta and the Damietta. Although traditionally considered the longest river in the world, the starting point of the river is disputed often, and many people consider the Amazon River to be the longest in the world. Only 100–200 mm (4–8 in) of rain falls on the delta area during an average year, and most of this falls in the winter months. The delta was a major constituent of Lower Egypt, and there are many archaeological sites in and around the delta. A river delta is a landform created by deposition of sediment that is carried by a river as the flow leaves its mouth and enters slower-moving or stagnant water. Best-case projections show that significant parts of the delta could lie underwater causing major losses for farmers in the area. Alexandria, Port Said, and other towns and villages exist along the coastal … In addition to agriculture, the delta's ecosystems and tourist industry could be negatively affected by global warming. Unfortunately, the Nile crocodile is said to be extinct in these regions. Crocodiles. From north to south, the delta is approximately 160 km (99 mi) in length. The … The delta was a major constituent of Lower Egypt, and there are many archaeological sites in and around the delta. The Nile delta is a very important farming area in Egypt. The rivers join to form the Nile at Khartoum, in Egypt. Worksheet. There are various theories regarding the starting location of this ancient … Topsoil in the delta can be as much as 21 m (70 ft) in depth. They also uncovered a devastated historic temple (the city's main temple) underwater off Egypt's north coast. There are now only two main branches, due to flood control, silting and changing relief: the Damietta (corresponding to the Phatnitic) to the east, and the Rosetta (corresponding to the Bolbitine)[18] in the western part of the Delta. Birds winter in the delta include frogs, turtles, tortoises, mongooses, and the Blue Nile, begins! The north-east of the 21st century in branches of the river Nile 4,132... ( 4132 miles ) which begins in Ethiopia to providing flood control it! 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